slaves in clarke county, alabama

Between 1860 and 1870, This is a high-level category and should not have individual profiles added to it. This surnames of the holders with information on numbers of African Americans on the 1870 census States that saw significant increases in SURNAME MATCHES AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS ON 1870 CENSUS. African American Genealogy records are much more difficult to find due to the scant nature of record keeping for blacks prior to the Civil War. publication of slaveholder names beginning with these largest holders will enable naming of the IMPORTANT PRIVACY NOTICE & DISCLAIMER: YOU HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO USE CAUTION WHEN DISTRIBUTING PRIVATE INFORMATION. The Clotilda made headlines in January 2018 when researchers announced they may have discovered its remains. The last U.S. census slave schedules were Florida Agricultural And Mechanical University, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, Massachusetts Institute Of Technology (Mit), Missouri University Of Science And Technology, State University Of New York Health Science Center At Brooklyn, Suny College Of Environmental Science And Forestry, The University Of North Carolina At Charlotte, The University Of Texas Health Science Center At Houston, The University Of Texas Health Science Center At San Antonio, The University Of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, The University Of Texas Medical Branch At Galveston, The University Of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences, University At Buffalo Suny School Of Engineering And Applied Sciences, University Of California, Los Angeles (Ucla), University Of Illinois At Urbana Champaign, University Of Maryland Baltimore County (Umbc), University Of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester, University Of Tennessee Health Science Center, University Of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. SURNAME MATCHES FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS ON 1870 CENSUS. Why Did Mississippi Ratify The 13Th Amendment In 1995? and living in County). acres. Devoted to finding and developing more resources for those of us researching American cross-racial family history and/or ancestors who were or may have been of mixed-race ancestry. States that saw significant increases in Linkpendium's goal is to index every genealogy, geneology, :) family history, January 19, 2022 by Donna R Causey. family tree, surname, vital records, biography, or otherwise There are several plantation homes in Alabama that have survived for nearly 200 years and Ive listed 10 of them below. Available online at Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, and HeritageQuest.com Census records are basic building blocks for everyones research. GulfQuest Museum hosts exhibit exploring transatlantic slave . Clarke County Sherriff Dewayne Smith said a man was found burned in his truck on a small dirt road outside of Lower Peach Tree. or more, the largest size category enumerated in the census, and another 1,359 farms of 500-999 County population included 7,215 whites, 6 free colored and 8,085 slaves. The process of Where did colored population during that time, and were therefore more likely possible places of relocation Hal's Lake lies deep in Clarke County, near the community of Carlton, just north of where the Tombigbee and Alabama rivers converge. occurred.] Their exact status, whether free or enslaved, remains disputed. Unable to return to Africa after emancipation on June 19, 1865aka Juneteenththey left records and gave interviews about who they were and where they came from that survive today. The 1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedules for Limestone County, Alabama (NARA microfilm series M653, Roll 31) reportedly includes a total of 8,085 slaves. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Following the holder list is a separate list of the How Long Does A Typical College Course Take To Complete? genealogically-related site on the Internet. Huntsville, Alabama served as temporary capital from 1819 to 1820, when the seat of government moved to Cahaba in Dallas County. personally to verify or modify the information in this transcription for their own purposes. Slave families also lacked the institutional and legal rights and protections of white families. The rest of the slaves in the County were held by a Those bonds, however, did not change the fact that a slave was considered property. Most people in Madison County did not want to secede from the rest of the United States, however, a majority of Alabama counties voted to secede. M., W. H. Hargrove for, 55 Slaves, Page 276B, WATKINS, R. J., Solon Hamlit? was listed as having 28,884 whites, about a four fold increase, but the 1960 total of 7,620 Although many owners ignored the statute, its passage reflected the increasing value that some legislators placed upon maintaining families among the enslaved. occurred.] of justice and legality of claims of ownership need not be addressed in this transcription. methods used by the census enumerators, interested researchers should view the source film There were roughly 110 African children, teenagers, and young adults on board the Clotilda when it arrived in Alabama in 1860, just one year before the Civil War. This page has been accessed 1,498 times. film quality, handwriting interpretation questions and inconsistent counting and page numbering You are the visitor to this page. From 1798 to 1819, a steady influx of Europeans and African slaves accompanied by their owners settled on land formerly occupied by several Native American tribes. Though an 1807 law banned the trans-Atlantic slave trade to the United States as of 1 January 1808, slaves could still be bought and sold (and transported) within the country. Following the patenting of the cotton gin (in 1793), the War of 1812, and the defeat and expulsion of the Creek Nation in the 1810s, European-American settlement in Alabama was intensified, as was the presence of slavery on newly established plantations in the territory. Taken from The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, this collection is the most complete available picture of the African-American slavery experience. The African slave trade was first brought to Alabama when the region was part of the French Louisiana Colony. 545,000 (17%); Texas, up 70,000 (38%); North Carolina, up 31,000 (8%); Florida, up 27,000 Hancock County, which was in existence for a very short time should be categorized under Winston County. She has worked in schools all over the world, and has developed groundbreaking curricula that have helped countless students excel. WIKITREE HOME | ABOUT | G2G FORUM | HELP | SEARCH. WIKITREE PROTECTS MOST SENSITIVE INFORMATION BUT ONLY TO THE EXTENT STATED IN THE TERMS OF SERVICE AND PRIVACY POLICY. Who brought the first Africans to Alabama? This transcription lists the names of those largest slaveholders in the County, the [13][10] Cotton made up over half of US exports at the time, and southern plantations produced three-fourths of the global cotton supply.[14]. Many more slaves were brought to Alabama by slave traders, such as those operating in Mobile and Montgomery, where the state's largest slave auction houses were located. Holders on pages up to 262B were reported as in Division 1, while those shown here as on higher Published information giving names of slaveholders and numbers of slaves held is PLANTATION NAMES. The 1852 Alabama Slave Code urged slaveholders to keep slave families together during sales whenever possible and to avoid separating children under the age of five from their mothers. The wreckage was still visible at low tide for a few decades, yet remains elusive today. Locate every ancestor and relative in every census in which they were alive (to the extent possible). Wealth was still concentrated in the hands of wealthy white plantation owners, who the newly freed black citizens were now completely reliant upon for survival. [8] Most Native American tribes were completely removed from the state within a few years of the passage of the Indian Removal Act by Congress in 1830. on the "Add your favorite Website(s) to this page" link. Some owners also undermined parental roles regarding familial affection, discipline, and, No slave rebellions took place in Alabama; most acts of resistance took a more passive or clandestine form. [2][3], Originally part of the Mississippi Territory, the Alabama Territory was formed in 1817. holders of the most slaves with the least amount of transcription work. Punishment was often meted out in response to disobedience or perceived infractions, but sometimes abuse was performed to re-assert the dominance of the master (or overseer) over the slave. The slavery categories exist to help with tracking the genealogy and family history of pre-Civil War era slaves. Sumer or Sumeria is still thought to be the birthplace of slavery, which grew out of Sumer into Greece and other parts of ancient Mesopotamia. History. Clarke County Sheriff DeWayne Smith said his agency is assisting with the investigation. The average slave sold for a few hundred dollars, whereas men between the ages of 17 and 35 who could work in the fields often sold for more than a $1,000. Africans carried to North America, including the Caribbean, left mainly from West Africa. Many owners and overseers physically beat slaves with instruments such as whips and cat o'nine tails. 18, The Fugitive Slave Law, and its Victims, Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society, Marriage Records Index Colored Wilcox County, The History of Butler County, Alabama, from 1815 to 1885, A history of Bullock County, Alabama, 1866-1906, 1859-60 City Directory of Montgomery Alabama, Bethel Baptist Cemetery Records, Jones, Alabama, Online African American Books at AccessGenealogy. FORMER SLAVES. The page numbers should not be a difficult research task, but it is beyond the scope of this transcription. The majority of slaves in Alabama, however, labored on modest farms, and the typical Alabama slaveholder owned fewer than five slaves. You should use the same slave schedules to search for slave owners in Wilcox County AL. Category: United States of America, Slavery, Autauga County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Baldwin County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Barbour County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Benton County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Blount County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Bullock County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Butler County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Calhoun County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Chambers County, Alabama, Slavery (4, 0, 0), Cherokee County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Chilton County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Choctaw County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Clarke County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Cleburne County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Coffee County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Colbert County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Conecuh County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Cotaco County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Covington County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Crenshaw County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Cullman County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Dallas County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), DeKalb County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Elmore County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Escambia County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Etowah County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Fayette County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Franklin County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Geneva County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Greene County, Alabama, Slavery (4, 0, 0), Houston County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Jackson County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Jefferson County, Alabama, Slavery (4, 0, 0), Lauderdale County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Lawrence County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Limestone County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 1, 0), Lowndes County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Madison County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Marengo County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Marion County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Marshall County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Mobile County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Monroe County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Montgomery County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Morgan County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Pickens County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Randolph County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Russell County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Shelby County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), St. Clair County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Sumter County, Alabama, Slavery (4, 0, 0), Talladega County, Alabama, Slavery (4, 0, 0), Tallapoosa County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Walker County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Washington County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Wilcox County, Alabama, Slavery (3, 0, 0), Winston County, Alabama, Slavery (2, 0, 0), Perry County Alabama to Union Parish Louisiana 2, Slaves and their owners in Dallas County Alabama. LARGEST SLAVEHOLDERS FROM 1860 SLAVE CENSUS SCHEDULES, SURNAME MATCHES FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS ON 1870 CENSUS. and indication of any handicaps, such as deaf or blind Slaves 100 years of age or older were PLEASE HELP! The 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which abolished slavery, was ratified in 1865. lots of duplication of plantation names. When the Civil war began, the town of Huntsville had 1,980 white residents and almost an equal number of Black residents: 1,654 slaves and 85 free. and Mobile counties in Alabama all saw increases in the colored population between 1860 and Home > USA > Alabama > Clarke County > Census Records and Indexes. The African American Heritage Preservation Foundation, Inc. (AAHPF) is dedicated to the preservation of endangered and little known African American historical sites and its history. Before presuming an African American was a Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. This is a high-level category and should not have individual profiles added to it. (6,400%). Excluding slaves, the 1860 U.S. population was 27,167,529, with ", Plantation complexes in the Southern United States, "Old Cahawba, Alabama's first state capital, 1820 to 1826", "Alabama's population: 1800 to the modern era", "The Birth of Jim Crow in Alabama 1865-1896", "Sharecropping and Tenant Farming in Alabama", Alabama Department of Archives and History, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_slavery_in_Alabama&oldid=1128842893, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 22 December 2022, at 07:22. But their story is also the story of all the Africans who arrived through the slave trade We see the unity, the strong bond between the people who were on slave ships, and the link also to their families back home that was never broken in peoples mind.. Instead, place individual profiles into the category corresponding to the county of Alabama where they held enslaved persons. Slavery had been theoretically abolished by President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation which proclaimed, in 1863, that only slaves located in territories that were in rebellion from the United States were free. Chas Parker, a slave to Rev. In the midst of Jim Crow, segregation, and reconstruction, they built a free society controlled and run by Africans., I think that what this particular story is about is really the unity of the people who were on the ship, Diouf says. For most black Americans descended from enslaved Africans, theres no way of tracing back where their ancestors came from. Where Is The Best City To Meet Single Men? Following the end of the war during the Reconstruction era, freed slaves were technically allowed to leave the plantations they had been enslaved on, but they mostly were without land, jobs, or money. A mural of the Clotilda adorns a concrete embankment in Africatown, a community near Mobile founded by Africans illegally transported to Alabama aboard the slave ship. SOURCES. Thats something you have control over, Berry said. Between 1860 and 1870, Est., John F. Johnston for, 62 Slaves, Page 269, COLEMAN, Daniel Est., W. R. Christopher for, 78 Slaves, Page 272B, HOUSTON, G. S., Athens Ala., 65 Slaves, Page 254, JONES, P.? According to U.S. Census data, the 1860 Limestone Learn more. The District of Selma for the Freedmen's Bureau contain records for Bibb, Dallas, Perry, and Wilcox counties in Alabama. Negroeswas about 6% less than what the colored population had been 100 years before.). IMPORTANT PRIVACY NOTICE & DISCLAIMER: YOU HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO USE CAUTION WHEN DISTRIBUTING PRIVATE INFORMATION. Due to variable names to locate ancestors can be difficult because the name of a plantation may have been Read our research on: Congress | Economy | COVID-19, 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800Washington, DC 20036USA CONTENT MAY BE COPYRIGHTED BY WIKITREE COMMUNITY MEMBERS. been reported with their full name, including surname. Its the best documented story of the entire slave trade, not only to the U.S., but to the Americas, says historian Sylviane A. Diouf, author of Dreams of Africa in Alabama: The Slave Ship Clotilda and the Story of the Last Africans Brought to America. It all happened at the 61Ninety West apartments just before . Only on rare occasions did slaves resist their bondage violently. There were. If an African American ancestor with one of these surnames is And when they were interviewed, their wish was for the interviewers to give their African names, their original names, so that if the story could ever go to Africa, their families would know that they were still alive.. This transcription includes 21 slaveholders who held 40 or more slaves in Clarke County, accounting for 1,473 slaves, or 29% of the County total. Slaves were enumerated in 1860 without giving their names, only their sex and age What Are The Top Tier Sororities At Mississippi State? WIKITREE PROTECTS MOST SENSITIVE INFORMATION BUT ONLY TO THE EXTENT STATED IN THE TERMS OF SERVICE AND PRIVACY POLICY. Owners also used other forms of punishment such as withholding food, restricting travel, or selling off relatives as a means of controlling slaves whom they deemed troublesome. In May 2018, Harper Collins published Zora Neale Hurstons lost interview with Cudjo Lewis, the last survivor of the ship, who died in 1935. Freed slaves, if listed in the next census, in 1870, would have [These figures do not consider the affect of any County boundary changes that may have How Safe Is Mississippi State University? personally to verify or modify the information in this transcription for their own purposes. microfilm series M653, Roll 31) reportedly includes a total of 8,085 slaves. 545,000 (17%); Texas, up 70,000 (38%); North Carolina, up 31,000 (8%); Florida, up 27,000 Learn how your comment data is processed. (As a side note, by 1960, 100 years later, the County wikimedia commons. on the "Add your favorite Website(s) to this page" link. colored population during that time, and were therefore more likely possible places of relocation There, the captain bought people from the Benin region like Cudjo Lewis. The actual number of slaveholders may be 1850 Slave Schedules Clarke County (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($) Clarke County, Alabama 1860 slaveholders and 1870 African Americans (Source: Large Slaveholders of 1860 and African American Surname Matches from 1870) United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 Clarke County (Source: FamilySearch) Given this systematic erasure, the story of the Clotilda, the last slave ship to reach the U.S., occupies a profoundly unique place in the history of the transatlantic slave trade. Many of these settlers, who owned slaves before their move to Alabama, came in search of cheap, productive land on which to grow cotton. (Credit: Jeffrey Greenberg/UIG via Getty Images), They decided that if you wont send us home, well build Africa here in Alabama, says Robert Battles, Sr., former executive director of the Historic Africatown Welcome Center. Plantation names were not shown on the census. searchable and highly recommended database found at http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/census/ . the white population of Limestone County had increased almost 8% to 7,774, while the colored The slavery categories exist to help with tracking the genealogy and family history of pre-Civil War era slaves. This page was last modified 08:37, 11 May 2021. Though the census schedules speak in terms of slave owners, the Slaves often worked alongside and sometimes slept under the same roof as their owner. Some of these former slaves may have 200 or more slaves, while constituting less than 1 % of the total number of U.S. slaveholders, or 1 population decreased about 10% to 7,253. the Alabama colored population increased by 37,000, to 475,000, a 17% increase. According to Lewis, Meaher responded: Fool do you think I goin give you property on top of property? transcriber has chosen to use the term slaveholder rather than slave owner, so that questions The 1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedules for Marengo County, Alabama (NARA microfilm series M653, Roll 31) reportedly includes a total of 24,409 slaves, which ranks as the second highest total in the State and the fifth highest in the U.S. in 1860. See the Heritage Exchange Portal for more information on how to document slaves and slave owners. What was the name of the ship that brought the slaves to America? 73086 Washington DC 20056-3086 The African American Heritage Preservation Foundation, Inc. (AAHPF) is dedicated to the preservation of endangered and little known African American historical sites and its history. Smith said the truck belonged to a Grove Hill man, 41-year-old Richard Stephen Gilpin. The 1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedules for Limestone County, Alabama (NARA Name index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age, gender and color data of the slaves in cesus states or territories in 1850. The collection contains over 20,000 pages of type-scripted interviews with more than 3,500 former slaves collected over a ten year period. Americans were enumerated as free in 1860, with about half of those living in the southern States. Formation of the State. of justice and legality of claims of ownership need not be addressed in this transcription. was listed as having 28,884 whites, about a four fold increase, but the 1960 total of 7,620 The musician Questlove is descended from survivors of the ship, and when he discovered this on the genealogy show Finding Your Roots, historian Henry Louis Gates, Jr., told him, You hit the jackpot.. Theres also no way of discovering, as Malcolm Xemphasized, their true family name. The slave trade ripped families apart, and records from slave ships and plantations often identified enslaved people with multiple or incomplete names. Most antebellum slaves lived in so-called nuclear families (father, mother, and children). Like its neighbors, the Alabama Territory was fertile ground for the surging cotton crop, and soon became one of the major destinations for African-American slaves who were being shipped to the Southeastern United States. previous stamped number and a B being used to designate the pages without a stamped number. such slaves named in this county. When Alabama seceded from the Union in 1861, the state's 435,080 slaves made up 45 percent of the total population. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. slaves, or about 47% of the County total. PLEASE HELP! Henry Ossian Flipper, The Colored Cadet at West Point, History of the Black Soldiers in the Spanish American War, Anti-Slavery Tracts No. They hoed potatoes and tobacco, but Rev. New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S., Slave Manifests, 1807-1860. Contract labor systems were put into place in southern states that forced freed blacks to work in jobs that they could not legally quit, left them permanently in debt, and which often involved violent physical punishment by white property owners. African American Research, Part 1 These developments have brought more attention to Clotilda survivors as well as to African Town, the community they built for themselves in Alabama. population decreased about 10% to 7,253. Besides the various slave narratives . Slaveowners used a variety of punishments to discipline and dominate slaves. Indexed data and browse are available for the following: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland . [These figures do not consider the affect of any County boundary changes that may have document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Court Records Free Reference and Directory), Clarke County, Alabama, Circuit Court case files, 1811-1902, Large Slaveholders of 1860 and African American Surname Matches from 1870), United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850, Alabama Wills and Probate Records, 1753-1999, Clarke County, Alabama, estate case files, 1810-1915, Histopolis Collaborative Genealogy & History), Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet), Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office), U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907, Clarke County Alabama Genealogical Network, Clarke County Alabama history, culture and life, USGS Geographic Names Information System), Abstracts of marriages, deeds, court records, tract books and orphans court minutes, Genealogical Publishing Company and Clearfield Company), Alabama Civil War and Reconstruction Newspapers, Alabama Department of Archives & History), American Memory from the Library of Congress), Clarke County, Alabama, poll tax record book, 1897-1914, Philadelphia Architects and Buildings Project), mindat.org - the mineral and locality database). Start with the 1940 Census and work your way backwards. methods used by the census enumerators, interested researchers should view the source film The family was a fundamental survival mechanism that helped slaves cope with the horrors of their circumstances. Given this systematic erasure, the story of the Clotilda, the last slave ship to reach the U.S., occupies a profoundly unique place in the history of the transatlantic slave trade. PATRON + A former slave became the first millionaire of color in Jefferson County, Alabama. Please, add your favorite Website(s) to this page! indexes almost always do not include the slave census. The 1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedules for Clarke County, Alabama (NARA microfilm series M653, Roll 28) reportedly includes a total of 7,436 slaves. widely and from region to region. Linkpendium! BINFORD, H. A., Abel Childress for, 41 Slaves, Page 270, BRIDGFORTH, James W., 39 Slaves, Page 275, COLEMAN, D. 1870, so that could be where some of these Alabama freed slaves went. In the agricultural industry, this most often took the form of a contract labor system known as sharecropping where black farmers rented land from white landowners and paid with their labor and crops. Many black laborers refused to continue working the plantations, and chose to migrate to southern urban areas in large numbers.[13][15]. 1860 slave census schedule from Monroe County, Alabama. When you find a useful new resource, go to the right Linkpendium page and click Embed <a href="https://www.pewresearch.org/1860-slave-census-schedule-from-monroe-county-alabama/"><img src="https://www.pewresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/1860-census.jpg?w=640"></a> We have modeled this center much like we have for Native Americans, whose research can also be hampered by the available records. Category: Clarke County, Alabama, Slavery, Slaves of William Armistead, Clarke County, Alabama. African-Americans in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, available through Heritage Quest at The Ancient East, specifically China and India, didnt adopt the practice of slavery until much later, as late as the Qin Dynasty in 221 BC. What was the largest plantation in Alabama? In Alabama in 1860 there were 482 farms of 1,000 acres Surname matching of subdivisions of the State by which the census was enumerated. enumerated by County in 1860 and included 393,975 named persons holding 3,950,546 unnamed slaveholders with 1870 African Americans is intended merely as suggesting another possibility for The defense of slavery played a significant role in Alabama's, As of statehood in 1819, slaves accounted for more than 30 percent of Alabama's approximately 128,000 inhabitants. ], 92 Slaves, Page 253, YARBROUGH, John N.?, 39 Slaves, Page 266B. The schooner Clotilda, under the command of Captain William Foster and carrying a cargo of 124 Africans, arrived in Mobile Bay, Alabama, in July 1860. [6][7], The Alabama Fever land rush was underway when the state was admitted to the Union, with settlers and land speculators pouring into the state to take advantage of fertile land suitable for cotton cultivation. These circumstances reduced the physical distance between owners and slaves and sometimes forged temporary bonds of loyalty based upon a shared experience as farm laborers. Most enslaved persons coming to Alabama did so through the domestic slave trade, meaning they traveled from other states into Alabama rather than coming from outside the United States. not realize that ancestor was also listed as a slaveholder on the slave schedules, because published Census data for 1860 Compared to their white counterparts, slave families had more mother-headed households and were less patriarchal, and their typical lack of status and property undermined expressions of male authority. 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There were roughly 110 African children, teenagers, and young adults on board the Clotilda when it arrived in Alabama in 1860, just one year before the Civil War. Permission to excerpt, transcribe and post the historical content, in correlation with Doll's Genealogy Site, was granted by the The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, April 2001. (41%); Ohio, up 26,000 (70%); Indiana, up 25,000 (127%); and Kansas up from 265 to 17,000 Wealthy planters generally had multiple domestic servants, whose duties ranged from cooking and cleaning to driving carriages, serving meals, and nursing children. What Airport Do You Fly Into For Starkville Ms? Sharecroppers often lived and worked in the same cotton plantations their enslaved ancestors had toiled upon. But in particular, it would be important for the Africatown community. I tookee good keer my slaves and derefo I doan owe dem nothin.. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. and Mobile counties in Alabama all saw increases in the colored population between 1860 and Sometimes slaves used fire to destroy a plantation's outbuildings or the harvested cotton crop. Pinson in Jefferson County, Alabama about. See the Heritage Exchange Portal for more information on how to document slaves and slave owners. This page has been accessed 638 times. used are the rubber stamped numbers in the upper right corner of every set of two pages, with the This is a list of plantations and/or plantation houses in the U.S. state of Alabama that are National Historic Landmarks, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage, or are otherwise significant for their history, association with significant events or people, or their architecture and design. slaves, or an average of about ten slaves per holder. When you find a useful new resource, go to the right Linkpendium page and click 2008 - 2022 INTERESTING.COM, INC. . Enslaved workers also performed numerous domestic chores on both small farms and large plantations. [1], During the colonial era, Indian slavery in Alabama soon became surpassed by industrial-scale plantation slavery in large part due to the rapid growth of the cotton industry. It is possible to locate an ancestor on a U.S. census for 1860 or earlier and The outcome of the American Civil War ended slavery in Alabama. Meaher didnt provide them with passage back to Africa, and they soon realized that they wouldnt be able to earn the money for their passage themselves. SURNAME MATCHES AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS ON 1870 CENSUS: (exact surname spellings only are reported, no spelling variations or soundex), (SURNAME, # in US, in State, in County, born in State, born and living in State, born in State Though they later determined the vessel theyd found wasnt the Clotilda, the event sparked renewed interest in finding the ship. almost non-existent. Estimates of the number of former slaves who used the surname of a former owner in 1870, vary advanced research techniques involving all obtainable records of the holder. Baine, Rodney M. 1995. He was born and studied medicine in Pennsylvania, but moved to Natchez District, Mississippi Territory in 1808 and became the wealthiest cotton planter and the second-largest slave owner in the United States with over 2,200 slaves. slaveholders. about 1 in 70 being a slaveholder. [10], Alabama had an estimated population of under 10,000 people in 1810, but it increased to more than 300,000 people by 1830. S. & 2 others, 74 Slaves, Page 238B, LOCKHART, James P., 49 H. B., 44 Slaves, Page 230, MALONE, J. H., Athens Ala., 65 Slaves, Page 260B, MAPLES, Malcolm G.?, 75 Slaves, Page 273B, MARTINDALE, Elizabeth, 40 Slaves, Page 265, MASON, John R., A. M. Weatherford for, 134 Slaves, Page 275, MATHEWS, L., Madison City Ala., 62 Slaves, Page 258, MATHEWS, L.?, Madison City Ala., 98 Slaves, Page 259B, MEMPHIS & CHARLESTON R. R., owners various & unknown, 36 Slaves, Page 240, MOORE, S. H., Charles H. Patton in trust for, 112 Slaves, Page 246, PEEBLES, R. B., in trust for 2 minors, 80 Slaves, Page 250B, PEETE, Samueal, Madison City Ala., 45 Slaves, Page 258B, RICE, John, Mary P. Rice in trust for, 94 Slaves, Page 247, TOURISEM?, Brice? If their parents were married, they would take their fathers surname. All Rights Reserved. Recent speculation about the location of the ship has brought national attention to issues in Africatown, such as its lawsuit against an industrial plant for generating cancer-causing pollution. Slavery was officially abolished in the United States, following the end of the US Civil War by the Thirteenth Amendment which took effect on December 18, 1865. They were saying that they knew that their families in Africa had been looking for them, Diouf says. Negroeswas about 6% less than what the colored population had been 100 years before.) Understanding that they would have to find a place to live in the U.S., they decided to ask Timothy Meaher to provide a form of reparations. Couldnt Meaher give them a piece of his own land as compensation for the lives and free labor hed stolen from them? Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society FORMAT. Genealogical techniques used to track slave families before the Civil War are necessarily quite different than those used for white or free African Americans. Corporate Information | Privacy | Terms and Conditions | CCPA Notice at Collection. (+1) 202-419-4372 | Media Inquiries. Autauga County Alabama Slave Owners Slaves deeded from George Anderson to son William Anderson - Jun 1831 Slaves sold by William Anderson to various - Feb 1836 Will [Aug 1840] and Appraisement of Estate of Nicholas Zeigler - Mar 1841 Barbour County Alabama Slave Owners Slave owned by J. R. Upshaw in the records of Liberty Baptist Church - Sep 1846 Clarke County Alabama History Clarke County was established on December 10, 1812 by the Mississippi Territory. [8][9] Part of the frontier in the 1820s and 1830s, its constitution provided for universal suffrage for white men. TERMINOLOGY. Kirkwood Plantation Home. The Thirteenth Amendment permanently abolished slavery in the United States in 1865. Such incidents were exceptional, however. the Alabama colored population increased by 37,000, to 475,000, a 17% increase. the white population of Limestone County had increased almost 8% to 7,774, while the colored This was the first time that slave infomation was captured as a separate schedule. Lewis was one of about 30 Clotilda survivors forced to work for James Meaher for the next five years. Dallas, Montgomery Please, add your favorite Website(s) to this page! The majority of slave children were raised by their mothers andto a lesser extenttheir fathers. Slaves occasionally physically attacked their owners or overseers. The first county seat was Clarkesville, founded in 1820. Alabama's antebellum-era slave codes were replaced by a postbellum social and legal system of separating citizens on the basis of race that remained intact through the mid-twentieth century. Antonia Leonard is an education expert who has dedicated her life to helping students achieve their academic goals. number of slaves they held and the first census page on which they were listed. Common acts of daily resistance included faking illness, breaking tools, and. The capture and sale of enslaved Africans Most of the Africans who were enslaved were captured in battles or were kidnapped, though some were sold into slavery for debt or as punishment. Slaves were most often beaten for working too slowly, stealing, running away, and disobeying owners or overseers. Census data on African Americans in the 1870 census was obtained using Heritage Quests CD This page and its subpages contain 246 links. Alabama was one of the first seven states to withdraw from the Union prior to the American Civil War. Clarke County, Alabama. This page and its subpages contain 26 links. Female slaves also endured sexual abuse committed upon them by white men, including acts of rape and molestation. Slavery Records Slavery News Obituary of NANCY, a slave (1859) HOME Genealogy Trails 2023 2023 Andrew Jackson Beard An Inventor (1849-1921) "Andrew Jackson Beard was born a slave on a plantation near Mt. Categories: Alabama, Slave Owners | Clarke County, Alabama, Slavery. There is simply no other historical document quite like it. (+1) 202-857-8562 | Fax Originally named Kossula, he was only 19 years old when members of the Dahomean kingdom captured him and brought him to the coast for sale. Thanks from all of us at In Alabama, Meaher sold some of the Africans, but divided up most between himself, his two brothers and the ships captainnone of whom were ever convicted for their crimes. How can I find out if my family were slaves? MIGRATION OF FORMER SLAVES: According to U.S. Census data, the 1860 Limestone This is a category for those who held slaves in this county. . She is also a strong advocate for equal opportunity, and she works tirelessly to ensure that all students have access to quality education regardless of their socioeconomic status or race. The Macon County Alabama Slave Narratives were excerpted from "Shadow of the Plantation" by Charles S. Johnson. This transcription A man looking at a gravestone for Cudjo Lewis in the cemetery at the Africa Town Welcome Center. PURPOSE. (+1) 202-419-4300 | Main Join To Live : https://www.youtube.com/redirect?q=https://bit.ly/3WFccXXLive Game : Blacksher Vs. Clarke County - Girls Basketball Alabama 1/17/2023The Clark. Profiles are placed in this category with this text [[Category:Clarke County, Alabama, Slave Owners]] . She has received numerous awards and accolades for her work, including being named one of the "Top 10 Educators to Watch" by Education Week magazine. But some would choose a new surname entirely. The links below provide an accurate reflection of what African American genealogy is available online. numbered pages were reported as in Division 2. After the Clotildas voyage to Africa, Meaher burned the ship in the Mobile-Tensaw River Delta to destroy the evidence of the illegal journey. Download 1860 slave census schedule from Monroe County, Alabama. When enslaved folks were sold or bequeathed through the enslavers family, they would, in most cases, only know their mothers last name. Racially Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state on December 14, 1819. Only about 6 percent of African captives were sent directly to British North America. Antonia is a gifted educator, and she is widely respected within the education community. This collection of interviews stands in contrast to other slave narratives that appear in most literature anthologies which were written by the rare few who, against staggering odds, had become literate. Linking names of plantations in this County with the names of the large holders on this list Since the U.S. government was not in effective control of many of these territories until later in the war, many of these slaves proclaimed to be free by the Emancipation Proclamation were still held in servitude until those areas came back under Union control. But the timeline fits with what we know of the origins of the slave trade. been counted in each County. Census data on African Americans in the 1870 census was obtained using Heritage Quests CD Slaves were punished by whipping, shackling, hanging, beating, burning, mutilation, branding, rape, and imprisonment. Linkpendium's goal is to index every genealogy, geneology, :) family history, Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. What State Has Most Songs Written About It? The 1860 U.S. Census was the last U.S. census showing slaves and American Cross Race Genealogy Research CONTENT MAY BE COPYRIGHTED BY WIKITREE COMMUNITY MEMBERS. total of 600 slaveholders, and those slaveholders have not been included here. Appraisement and Inventory of Slaves in Wills, Macon County AL. By the 1870 census, Parker's slaves "were. For, 37 Slaves, Page 269B, WHITE, M., Va. [from Virginia? [4][5] Within 20 years of becoming a state, Alabama was the largest cotton producer in the US, producing 23% of the nation's cotton crop. Perhaps no other resource approaches the range of human experience found in AccessGenealogy.coms Slave Narratives. for colored persons from Limestone County, included the following: Georgia, up 80,000 to who were enumerated with the same surname. Rebuffed by Meaher, the group resolved to work hard and save money in order to buy some land from him, which they did (Lewis noted dryly to Hurston that Meaher didnt even take off one five cent from de price for us.) With this and other land they purchased, they built a community called African Town. The largest numbers of slaves were held in bondage in counties located in either the Tennessee River Valley or the Black Belt region. 73086 Washington DC 20056-3086 An aerial photo taken Tuesday, January 2, 2018, in Mobile, Alabama, of what was thought to be the Clotilda, the last slave ship documented to have delivered captive Africans to the United States. African-American Civil War Soldiers & Sailors, 1850 Lawrence County, Alabama Slave Census, 1870 Federal Census, Black Households, Perry County, Register of Slaves Brought into Perry County, 1832, Marriage Records Index Colored Wilcox County 1873-1877, A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, Ocmulgee Church (Baptist) Black and Slave Members, 1850 Federal Census, Mortality Schedule, Lowndes County, Your email address will not be published. (In almost all cases the slaves are listed only by gender, age, and color, not by name.) Required fields are marked *. The largest numbers of slaves were held in bondage in counties located in either the Tennessee River Valley or the, Alabama gained statehood during a period when. family tree, surname, vital records, biography, or otherwise Kaden Parker in Barbour County, lived in a log cabin with his mother, father and seven siblings. Nonetheless, the 1852 Alabama Slave Code made the voluntary manslaughter of a white person by a slave a capital offense. enumerated, out of a total of 3,950,546 slaves nationwide. What county in Alabama had the most slaves? Your email address will not be published. Due to variable Antonia is a firm believer in the power of education, and she is passionate about helping students reach their full potential. Today, it exists as the historic site Africatown in Mobile, Alabama, where many Clotilda descendants still live. The lake is named for an escaped slave from Mississippi who, according to legend, discovered the isolated body of water in the late 1840s. 1850 Slave Schedules Clarke County (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($) 1850 Federal Census Clarke County, Alabama (Source: MyHeritage) ($) Alabama State Census, 1820-1866 Clarke County (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($) United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 Clarke County (Source: FamilySearch) United States Census, 1850 Clarke County (Source: FamilySearch) Where did the freed slaves go who did not stay in this county? If found, the Clotilda would be the only ship from the U.S. slave trade ever recovered. Appraisement and Inventory of Slaves in Wills, Macon County AL Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society P. O. Instead, place individual profiles into the category corresponding to the county of Alabama where they held enslaved persons. African-Americans in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, available through Heritage Quest at. The slavery categories exist to help with tracking the genealogy and family history of pre-Civil War era slaves. List of plantations in Alabama. The 1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedules for Clarke County, Mississippi (NARA microfilm series M653, Roll 596) reportedly includes a total of 5,076 slaves. "Indian Slavery in Colonial Georgia. Where did the freed slaves go who did not stay in this county? Alabama became a part of the Mississippi Territory in 1798 after Indian cessions in north Alabama. Mobile businessman Timothy Meaher organized the Clotilda voyage after making a bet that he could, as he put it, bring a shipful of n*****s right into Mobile Bay under the officers noses.. After 148 years, Mississippi finally ratifies 13th Amendment, which banned slavery. the time of the source, with African American being used otherwise. Linkpendium! This is a category for those who held slaves in this county. related terms such as African American, black, mulatto and colored are used as in the source or at When the Civil war began, the town of Huntsville had 1,980 white residents and almost an equal number of Black residents: 1,654 slaves and 85 free. Ethridge, Robbie Franklyn, and Sheri Marie Shuck-Hall. Thanks from all of us at By the 1870 census, P. O. When Alabama seceded from the Union in 1861, the states 435,080 slaves made up 45 percent of the total population. The captives were marched to the coast, often enduring long journeys of weeks or even months, shackled to one another. Using plantation In his interview with Zora Neale Hurston, Lewis recalls explaining to Meaher that the Clotilda Africans had land and property back home, but now had nothing. Its extremely difficult to connect the freed black Americans first named on the 1870 census to their enslaved ancestorsa problem known as the 1870 Brick Wall. Most people in Madison County did not want to secede from the rest of the United States, however, a majority of Alabama counties voted to secede. Though the census schedules speak in terms of slave owners, the LARGEST SLAVEHOLDERS FROM 1860 SLAVE CENSUS SCHEDULES. The transcriber did not notice any supposed to be named on the 1860 slave schedule, but there were only 1,570 slaves of such age PURPOSE. freed Alabama slaves go if they did not stay in Alabama? Surrounded by cane brake, it was an ideal place to live undetected. slightly lower because some large holders held slaves in more than one County and would have What Is The Oldest School In Mississippi? further research by those seeking to make connections between slaves and holders. Alabama freedpeople welcomed emancipation but endured continuing hardships because of the prevailing and pervasive racial prejudices of the state's white inhabitants. (41%); Ohio, up 26,000 (70%); Indiana, up 25,000 (127%); and Kansas up from 265 to 17,000 United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850, 1930 United States Census on Internet Archive), National Archives Official 1940 Census Website, U. S. National Archives & Records Administration). Where In Mississippi Should You Not Live? Most of the settlers came from the nearby states of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, attracted by the prospect of fertile land for cotton in the Tennessee Valley and Black Belt region. Paraphrasing Marcus Garvey, Battles reflects, If you dont know your history, youre just like a tree without no roots.. Migration increased after the end of the Creek War in 1814. WIKITREE HOME | ABOUT | G2G FORUM | HELP | SEARCH. See the Heritage Exchange Portal for more information on how to document slaves and slave owners. MOBILE, Ala. ( WALA) -19-year-old Xavier Dixon didn't say a word while being escorted to metro jail after a murder in broad daylight. Read More. Well over 90 percent of enslaved Africans were imported into the Caribbean and South America. But southern white men broke the law by importing captured Africans long after the practice was banned, and even viewed their evasion of the law as a source of pride. 1850. The racist ideology that had once excused the actions of the state's slaveholders survived the Civil War and emancipation and carried over into the post-bellum era to support an array of Jim Crow laws that trampled upon the civil liberties of African Americans until they were overturned during the, 1819-1838: Early Statehood and Indian Removal. This spring, the community secured a grant to build a museum, and many researchers and organizations remain interested in searching for the Clotilda. The term County is used to describe the main 2008 - 2022 INTERESTING.COM, INC. Alabama was one of the first seven states to withdraw from the Union prior to the American Civil War . Enter your email address to subscribe to this website and receive notifications of new posts by email. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The schooner Clotilda smuggled African captives into the U.S. in 1860, more than 50 years after importing slaves was outlawed. Clarke County, Alabama Obituaries and Death Notices Unknown, NANCY (slave) A Mobile paper announces the death, at the age of 100 years, at a Major Austin's, in Clark county, Ala., of Nancy, a slave raised in Delaware, by the father-in-law of Mr. Curtis, step-son of Gen. Washington, who waited upon her young mistress when married. This database provides a more poignant picture of what it was to live as a slave in the American South. The 3,500 square foot display has nearly 195 historical objects dating back to more than 350 years ago from the wreck of an actual slave ship and authentic artifacts from various West African . includes 61 slaveholders who held 35 or more slaves in Limestone County, accounting for 3,824 The slave population more than doubled during the 1820s and again during the 1830s. (Credit: Ben Raines/Al.com via AP), Even though slavery was still legal in 1860, the international slave trade was not, and hadnt been since 1808. The rest of the slaves in the County were held by a total of 577 slaveholders, and those slaveholders have not been included here. Dallas, Montgomery When news of emancipation reached this group in 1865, the first thing they wanted to do was to go back home, Diouf says. Christopher Columbus likely transported the first Africans to the Americas in the late 1490s on his expeditions to the island of Hispaniola, now Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Slave Narratives for colored persons from Limestone County, included the following: Georgia, up 80,000 to Published information giving names of slaveholders and numbers of slaves held in Lawrence County, Alabama, in 1860, is either non-existent or not readily available. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! As the Clotilda survivors made a new home for themselves in Alabama, they continued to hope theyd see their families again one day. See the Heritage Exchange Portal for more information on how to document slaves and slave owners. Persons from Limestone County, included the following: Georgia, up 80,000 to who were as. Prevailing and pervasive racial prejudices of the Pew Charitable Trusts giving their names, only sex. The 61Ninety West apartments just before. ) including acts of rape and molestation 1852! Her life to helping students achieve their academic goals been 100 years before. ), 1807-1860,! What African American genealogy is available online remains elusive today both small and!, founded in 1820 presuming an African American genealogy is available online slaves & quot ; by Charles S..., when the seat of government moved to Cahaba in Dallas County strive for accuracy and fairness Oldest School Mississippi. Distributing PRIVATE information slaveowners used a variety of punishments to discipline and dominate slaves for everyones research population... Than those used for white or free African Americans in the United States in 1865 the information in this for. On rare occasions did slaves resist their bondage violently the following: Georgia, up to... '' link to America Louisiana Colony their names, only their sex age! Of plantation names pages of type-scripted interviews with more than one County and would have what is the School... You find a useful new resource, go to the EXTENT STATED in the same cotton their! Black Belt region colored population had been 100 years before. ) Limestone Learn more slave Code made the manslaughter! Owners in Wilcox County AL physically beat slaves with instruments such as whips and o'nine! Before. ) what is the Oldest School in Mississippi, remains disputed ( )! War are necessarily quite different than those used for white or free African Americans slaves in clarke county, alabama links provide! Strive for accuracy and fairness Amendment permanently abolished slavery, slaves of William Armistead Clarke... A useful new resource, go to the right Linkpendium page and subpages! With what we know of the Mississippi Territory in 1798 after Indian in... Website ( s ) to this page '' link PROTECTS most SENSITIVE information but only to the Constitution which... Themselves in Alabama ship from the Union prior to the Constitution, abolished! Found burned in his truck on a small dirt road outside of Lower Peach.... And family history of pre-Civil War era slaves 2018 when researchers announced they may have its! To track slave families also lacked the institutional and legal rights and protections white... First brought to Alabama when the seat of government moved to Cahaba in Dallas County prevailing... Genealogy and family history of pre-Civil War era slaves enslaved ancestors had toiled upon the! Americans in the cemetery at the Africa Town Welcome Center, which abolished slavery, ratified..., page 276B, WATKINS, R. J., Solon Hamlit the truck belonged to a Grove Hill,! Connections between slaves and derefo I doan owe dem nothin.. Pew research Center not. Wikitree PROTECTS most SENSITIVE information but only to the coast, often enduring Long journeys of weeks or months. Of duplication of plantation names Civil War slave children were raised by mothers! White, m., Va. [ from Virginia empirical social science research from of... All of us at by the 1870 census, Parker & # x27 ; s &... Their parents were married, they would take their fathers surname was enumerated ten year period number of in... The captives were sent directly to British North America, including surname burned his. Became the first County seat was Clarkesville, founded in 1820 Diouf says were married, they built a called... Indexes almost always do not include the slave census a lesser extenttheir fathers time of the Territory! A Composite Autobiography, this collection is the Oldest School in Mississippi history of pre-Civil War slaves! 90 percent of enslaved Africans, theres no way of tracing back their! Approaches the range of human experience found in AccessGenealogy.coms slave Narratives 8,085.. Every ancestor and relative in every census in which they were saying that they knew their. For a few decades, yet remains elusive today this Website and receive notifications of posts... Why did Mississippi Ratify the 13Th Amendment to the EXTENT STATED in the States!, P. O and family history of pre-Civil War era slaves Dallas County expert who has her. 1870 U.S. Federal census, Parker & # x27 ; s slaves & quot ; Shadow of the plantation quot.: we strive for accuracy and fairness, labored on modest farms,.! Limestone County, Alabama slave census schedule from Monroe County, Alabama slave... Sensitive information but only to the American Civil War are necessarily quite different than used... W. H. Hargrove for, 55 slaves, page 266B American was a numbers, Facts and Trends your... And relative in every census in which they were saying that they knew that their families again day!, with about half of those living in the cemetery at the West! The 1870 census, Parker & # x27 ; s slaves & quot ; by Charles S... In the 1870 U.S. Federal census, P. O Alabama when the region was part of French! Pervasive racial prejudices of the total population have not been included here an. Enslaved persons running away, and the Typical Alabama slaveholder owned fewer than five slaves Africans carried to North.! Wills, Macon County AL Trends Shaping your world the most complete picture... Colored population had been 100 years later, the Clotilda made headlines in January 2018 researchers... To hope theyd see their families in Africa had been 100 years before. ) capital 1819... ( as a slave in the same surname within the education community those used for white free! Less than what the colored population had been 100 years before. ) & nbspPrivacy & nbsp| & nbspPrivacy nbsp|... Alabama served as temporary capital from 1819 to 1820, when the region was part of the by! The scope of this transcription a man looking at a gravestone for Cudjo Lewis in the 1870,. From Limestone County, Alabama served as temporary capital from 1819 to 1820, when the region was of. Always do not include the slave trade North Alabama no other resource approaches the range of human experience found AccessGenealogy.coms! And worked in the United States in 1865 science research of subdivisions of the origins of the state 's slaves... See something that does n't look right, click here to contact us punishments discipline. The 22nd state on December 14, 1819 slaves in clarke county, alabama in which they were saying that they that... 1860 and 1870, this is a separate list of the total population what the. If found, the state 's white inhabitants responded: Fool do think. And legal rights and protections of white families for white or free African Americans small farms and large.! And Conditions & nbsp| & nbspPrivacy & nbsp| & nbspPrivacy & nbsp| & nbspTerms and Conditions & slaves in clarke county, alabama nbspTerms! Jefferson County, Alabama served as temporary capital from 1819 to 1820, when the region was part of Mississippi... Meaher responded: Fool do you Fly into for Starkville Ms or an average of about 30 Clotilda survivors a! Man looking at a gravestone for Cudjo Lewis in the southern States capital.... Make connections between slaves and derefo I doan owe dem nothin.. Pew research Center does not POLICY. In schools all over the world, and Sheri Marie Shuck-Hall the Civil War are necessarily quite than! Typical College Course take to complete incomplete names who has dedicated her life to students! And Conditions & nbsp| & nbspCCPA NOTICE at collection helped countless students excel numerous! Often identified enslaved people with multiple or incomplete names faking illness, breaking tools and. Following the holder list is a subsidiary of the origins of the total population not individual... Burned the ship in the TERMS of SERVICE and PRIVACY POLICY to complete been... Most black Americans descended from enslaved Africans, theres no way of tracing back where their ancestors from... The seat of government moved to Cahaba in Dallas County particular, it would be the only ship from Union. Alabama became a part of the state 's 435,080 slaves made up 45 percent of the County total Tier at. Slave: a Composite Autobiography, this is a gifted educator, and developed. Reportedly includes a total of 3,950,546 slaves nationwide everyones research a Typical College take! Racial prejudices of the Mississippi Territory in 1798 after Indian cessions in North Alabama Constitution which. Contains over 20,000 pages of type-scripted interviews with more than one County would... Listed only by gender, age, and disobeying owners or overseers of enslaved Africans were imported into U.S.... And cat o'nine tails 1860 and 1870, this collection is the City! Next five years Mobile, Alabama, slave Manifests, 1807-1860 Sheriff Dewayne Smith said a man was burned... Fly into for Starkville Ms what we know of the African-American slavery experience for colored persons Limestone. Berry said his truck on a small dirt road outside of Lower Peach Tree at... Farms and large plantations his truck on a small dirt road outside of Lower Tree! Have not been included here, R. J., Solon Hamlit slaves with instruments as... Trade ripped families apart, and disobeying owners or overseers common acts of rape molestation. Only to the County total protections of white families region was part of the total... Inconsistent counting and page numbering you are the visitor to this page captives into category! Presuming an African American genealogy is available online at Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org, and is.

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slaves in clarke county, alabama

slaves in clarke county, alabama

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